With one-seventh of the world’s population, India’s economic stability is dependent on the sustained growth of agriculture and allied activities. Agriculture in all sectors is the primary source of livelihood in India. However, despite productivity improvements, the yield of the Indian agricultural sector remains low by international standards, and only marginally higher than the world average. The Government of India set an ambitious target of doubling farmers’ income. However, the crucial challenge for India’s agricultural development is to ensure that small and marginal farmers are able to gain adequate remuneration from farming and contribute to the country’s increasing demand for food.
Less-efficient traditional farming practices in India limit farmers from realizing the full potential of their landholding. In addition to the traditional challenges, climate change is a major concern in agriculture that impacts small farmers. Deviations in rainfall, changing temperatures, efficiency, and availability of inputs, all have an impact on the crop yield, quality of the produce, and overall output.