Rural Research maximizes the impact of poverty alleviation initiatives for rural communities through using participatory research and impact assessment as practical tools informing action, outcomes and learning.

Rural Research is a cross-cutting initiative that bifurcate its work into two broad themes, that is, Research, Monitoring, and Evaluation, and Development Research and Extension.

1. Research, Monitoring, and Evaluation (RME): This focuses on integrating all components of the research process which are undertaken to design and implement interventions by Sehgal Foundation in the rural pockets of the country. These components largely include needs assessment, baseline surveys, mid-term monitoring and impact evaluation studies. Process documentation is also a part of RME as it guides the evaluation process. It emphasizes on qualitative and quantitative measurement of trends through surveys, participatory rural appraisal tools and techniques.

2. Development Research and Extension (DRE): The DRE arm of rural research disseminates knowledge based on experience generated from the work at grassroots into with other like-minded organizations and practitioners. This is done through undertaking strategic studies related to poverty and other pressing social dimensions, and leveraging partnerships and collaborations for evidence based dissemination to generate learning and influence future discourse and direction of rural development.